What is a marionette line?
A marionette line—also known as oral commissure line—is the long, vertical facial wrinkle that extends from the corners of the mouth to the chin. Patients with severe cases of this aesthetic imperfection may be presented with deep-set marionette lines that laterally circumscribe the chin, often resembling a marionette doll; hence, the name. Marionette line usually sets in due to ageing. The biological ageing process causes the skin to lose its thickness, elasticity, and volume, often resulting in the downward shifting of the skin and eventual formation of wrinkles in areas of high movement. If left untreated, marionette lines not only make a person look older that the chronological age, they also give an inaccurate perception of one’s emotional cues.
What are the best dermal fillers for marionette lines?
While dynamic lines like forehead lines and crow’s feet that appear on the upper half of the face respond well to botulinum toxin ...
What are fat cells?
Fat cells—also known as adipocytes—are a type of connective tissues which store excess fats, fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K as well as other related substances. They can be subdivided into 2 types which are the brown and white fat cells. The former is composed of multiple fat droplets and iron-containing mitochondria. The presence of iron along with a large number of tiny blood capillaries give a brownish hue to this type of fat cells. Brown fat cells are metabolically-active and usually considered the “good fat” since they function to generate body heat by burning calories. They are densely found in the neck and upper back. On the other hand, white cells are made of only a single lipid droplet with far less iron-containing mitochondria and blood vessels, hence the whitish to yellowish appearance of the white fat cells. They are the major form of fat found in the body and are vital for providing the necessary energy reserve in the body. ...
What is Synvisc?
Synvisc is a hylan-based orthopedic implant that is manufactured by Sanofi Genzyme to manage the symptoms associated with osteoarthritis such pain, stiffness, and discomfort. This viscosupplement is meant to be injected intraarticularly into the affected knee joints. Though it is renowned for its desirable effects like joint lubrication and pain reduction, Synvisc can still cause some undesirable, although mild, side effects. Some of the commonly reported undesirable aftereffects of Synvisc procedure are:
Irritation of treated joint;
Pain in treated joint;
Swelling of treated joint;
Heat sensation in treated joint;
Fluid buildup in treated joint.
These inflammatory reactions are usually very mild in nature and should resolve within a few days. As part of the aftercare methods, patients are recommended to apply cold compresses that can help to minimize swelling and pain. They should also avoid participating in physically exerting and high-impact exercise l ...