What are fat cells?
Fat cells—also known as adipocytes—are a type of connective tissues which store excess fats, fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K as well as other related substances. They can be subdivided into 2 types which are the brown and white fat cells. The former is composed of multiple fat droplets and iron-containing mitochondria. The presence of iron along with a large number of tiny blood capillaries give a brownish hue to this type of fat cells. Brown fat cells are metabolically-active and usually considered the “good fat” since they function to generate body heat by burning calories. They are densely found in the neck and upper back. On the other hand, white cells are made of only a single lipid droplet with far less iron-containing mitochondria and blood vessels, hence the whitish to yellowish appearance of the white fat cells. They are the major form of fat found in the body and are vital for providing the necessary energy reserve in the body. ...
What is Synvisc?
Synvisc is a hylan-based orthopedic implant that is manufactured by Sanofi Genzyme to manage the symptoms associated with osteoarthritis such pain, stiffness, and discomfort. This viscosupplement is meant to be injected intraarticularly into the affected knee joints. Though it is renowned for its desirable effects like joint lubrication and pain reduction, Synvisc can still cause some undesirable, although mild, side effects. Some of the commonly reported undesirable aftereffects of Synvisc procedure are:
Irritation of treated joint;
Pain in treated joint;
Swelling of treated joint;
Heat sensation in treated joint;
Fluid buildup in treated joint.
These inflammatory reactions are usually very mild in nature and should resolve within a few days. As part of the aftercare methods, patients are recommended to apply cold compresses that can help to minimize swelling and pain. They should also avoid participating in physically exerting and high-impact exercise l ...
What is Synvisc?
Synvisc is an animal-based viscosupplement that is designed and manufactured by Sanofi Genzyme, an American biotechnology company. The active ingredient in this orthopedic implant is 8mg/mL of hylan that is harvested from rooster combs—the fleshy crests on top of rooster heads—before being cross-linked using chemical agents. Hylan polymers are derivatives of hyaluronan (sodium hyaluronate) and in this implant, these polymers are chemically reticulated with each other to form a highly viscoelastic gel. Synvisc also contains other ingredients like 8.5mg/mL of sodium chloride, 0.16mg/mL of disodium hydrogen phosphate, 0.04mg/mL of sodium dihydrogen phosphate hydrate and water for injection. This orthopaedic injectable gel is intended to reduce pain and discomfort in the synovial joints caused by osteoarthritis. Once injected, it mimics the actions of the lubricating synovial fluid by reducing friction between the bones and cushioning any sudden impacts to ...