What are forehead wrinkles?
As the name suggests, forehead wrinkles are prominent skin creases that appear on the forehead. As age progresses, many patients tend to experience forehead lines as that region is actively involved in various facial movements like frowning.
What are the causes of forehead wrinkles?
Most of the time, patients will notice the appearance of forehead lines during facial movements. These aesthetic imperfections are classified as dynamic lines which occur due to contractions of muscles underneath the skin. Unfortunately, these dynamic lines get permanently etched on the skin due to ageing. The ageing process of the skin is controlled by 2 major aspects which are intrinsic and extrinsic ageing factors. Intrinsic ageing is caused by genetic signalling which results in the reduction of dermal cell turnover rate. It is also the cause for many skin maintenance processes like desquamation—the regular shedding on old dermal cells—to be halted. Unfortun ...
What is osteoarthritis?
The knee is a prime example of a synovial joint. A healthy knee joint is made of bones that are encased with a layer of tough articular cartilage. This protective cartilage constantly secretes lubricating synovial fluid that is rich in hyaluronic acid (HA) to ensure that the bones glide effortlessly against each other without pain or stiffness. The synovial fluid also maintains the joint health by absorbing any sudden impacts. Unfortunately, years of wear-and-tear caused by various factors like excessive weight, genetics, and participating in physically exerting sports (e.g. tennis) can result in disintegration of the articular cartilage. Hence, there will be decreased production of synovial fluid and the bones may grind against each other excruciatingly. When this happens, patients experience tremendous pain, stiffness, and reduced joint mobility; this condition is known as osteoarthritis.
What is hyaluronic acid injection for knees?
Most patients diagnos ...
What is collagen?
Collagen is a highly versatile, fibrous and insoluble structural protein that is found abundantly in the human body. It is composed of amino acid chains that are coiled together into triple helices. More often than not, 2 of the amino acid chains share the same chemical composition while the remaining third chain consists of a slightly different formulation. Not only is collagen the building blocks of soft yet elastic skin, it is also a fundamental component of strong bones. The varying range of mechanical strength all lies on the degree of mineralisation of collagen tissues. In the skin, collagen helps to form the strong scaffolding for other cells like elastin fibres and hyaluronic acid. The skin is at its healthiest when high-quality collagen fibres are constantly produced by the body.
What are collagen masks?
Masks are skincare products that are usually applied on the face for about 10 to 15 minutes to quickly yet effectively deep-condition the skin. Collag ...