What is Collagen Induction Therapy and What are Side Effects?

What is Collagen Induction Therapy?

Collagen Induction Therapy (CIT)—also known as microneedling or skin needling—is a skin rejuvenating cosmetic procedure that involves repeatedly poking the skin with tiny needles. These needles are precisely engineered to resemble acupuncture needles to produce micro holes in the skin. This therapy is paired with a skin reinvigorating solution that contains a cocktail of ingredients like hyaluronic acid, plant polyphenols, and multivitamins to improve the production of collagen fibres via neocollagenesis. Though this procedure works efficiently as a stand-alone treatment to regenerate collagen fibres, its efficacy can be intensified when combined with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or laser treatment.

How is CIT performed?

Collagen Induction Therapy (CIT) is commenced after the treatment area had been completely sanitised and anaesthetised to reduce pain and discomfort. Next, the chosen skin-rejuvenating topical solution (e.g. Filorga NCTF 135 HA) is applied on the skin. The dermaroller device is then run across the skin to create multiple precise pinpricks that will greatly maximise solution penetration. These minute skin punctures together with the skin-nourishing solution trigger a cascade of growth factors that reinvigorate the formation of new blood vessels and collagen fibers. The skin then appears brighter, younger, and radiant once the initial redness and irritation subsides.

Who are the ideal candidates for CIT?

The ideal candidates for this cosmetic procedure are those who are suffering from aesthetic concerns associated with the loss of collagen fibres, like premature ageing signs (e.g. enlarged pores, fine lines, dullness, dehydration, age spots, etc.), inelastic skin, uneven skin tone, and scars from chicken pox, acne, surgeries, or injuries. Patients who are affected by hair loss will also benefit greatly from this cosmetic procedure. This cosmetic treatment is contraindicated for patients who are pregnant; who have a skin disorder (e.g. eczema, psoriasis, etc.); have open skin wounds or broken skin; have a history of hypertrophic scarring; or have recently had radiation therapy.

Collagen Induction Therapy Side Effects

Most patients require little to no downtime due to the lack of complexity of this procedure. That being said, some clients may still experience slight pain during the procedure, transient erythema, swelling, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). These reactions happen as the skin recovers from the micro punctures caused by the dermarollers. Scarring that consists of multiple discrete papules in the horizontal and vertical direction that closely resemble a tram track has been reported by patients following microneedling process. These papular scars happen when a larger needling device or too much force is used during the procedure. The regular-patterned scars are very evident over bony facial regions like the forehead, zygomatic arch, and the temporal area. Hence, physicians are recommended to exercise extra caution and use needles that are smaller than 2.0mm over these bony areas.