What Causes Dark Circles Under Eyes & How to Get Rid of Them?

What are dark circles under the eyes?

Dark circles under the eyes—sometimes known as panda eyes or periorbital hyperpigmentation—are dark blemishes around the eyes. The tear trough area under the eye, which radiates downwards and outwards from the inner corner of the eye, is made up of an exceptionally thin layer of skin—measuring <1mm. Due to this, the under-eye area is prone to displaying various signs of ageing and skin damage, with unattractive dark circles being one of the most common concerns. If left uncorrected, patients tend to look worn down or even older than their actual age.

What are the causes of dark circles under the eyes?

There are many factors that cause the area under the eye to darken. One of the main factors is ageing and an unhealthy lifestyle. Many patients will experience unavoidable thinning of the skin and the reduction of fat pads under the eyes. This altered skin structure will only make the underlying muscles and complex network of blood capillaries show more prominently, resulting in less than desirable panda eyes. Unhealthy lifestyle habits like smoking, inadequate sleep, and excessive sunlight exposure all taint the body with damaging free radicals that will subsequently worsen the appearance of dark circles. More often than not, this condition can be exacerbated when patients rub their eyes excessively due to allergies, asthma, or even when removing eye makeup. Rough handling of the periorbital area may cause the blood capillaries to rupture, resulting in dark circles. Not only that, certain medications that cause the blood vessels to dilate can also intensify the dark circles. This is because any increased blood circulation can be easily detected through the delicate under-eye skin.

How to get rid of the dark circles under the eyes?

The easiest and quickest way to manage these pesky under-eye dark circles is by resorting to makeup. Products like colour corrector and concealer will instantly banish dark circles and brighten the periorbital area. However, this method does not tackle the root cause of this cosmetic concern. Hence, patients should first strive to embrace a healthy lifestyle. Unhealthy habits like smoking and drinking excessive alcohol must be curbed or stopped. They should aim to get adequate sleep, drink enough water, and consume a healthy diet. Next, they can invest in good quality skincare products that will help to repair skin damage and rejuvenate healthy cells. Look for ingredients like retinol that will greatly increase cell turnover rate. An example of a high-quality eye cream is Zo Hydrafirm Eye Brightening Repair Crème, which contains retinol, caffeine, carnitine, shea butter, arnica extract, and kojic dipalmitate. Gradually, with regular use, the appearance of dark circles can be softened. For patients who prefer a treatment method with instantaneous results, they can undergo dermal filler injections instead. Certified aestheticians will administer a suitable dermal filler, like Restylane, into the darkened under eye-areas. The injected implants will immediately plump the tear trough area and lighten the dark circles.