What are forehead wrinkles?
As the name suggests, forehead wrinkles are prominent skin creases that appear on the forehead. As age progresses, many patients tend to experience forehead lines as that region is actively involved in various facial movements like frowning.
What are the causes of forehead wrinkles?
Most of the time, patients will notice the appearance of forehead lines during facial movements. These aesthetic imperfections are classified as dynamic lines which occur due to contractions of muscles underneath the skin. Unfortunately, these dynamic lines get permanently etched on the skin due to ageing. The ageing process of the skin is controlled by 2 major aspects which are intrinsic and extrinsic ageing factors. Intrinsic ageing is caused by genetic signalling which results in the reduction of dermal cell turnover rate. It is also the cause for many skin maintenance processes like desquamation—the regular shedding on old dermal cells—to be halted. Unfortunately, biological ageing of the skin is usually exacerbated by extrinsic factors like smoking, excessive ultraviolet (UV) ray exposure, drinking excessive alcohol, pollution, and harsh weather. Skin gets inundated with highly toxic free radicals which will affect the normal skin growth process. The constantly moving forehead area is then marred with the formation of permanent lines.
How to prevent forehead wrinkles?
Though these forehead lines tend to emphasize non-linguistic cues, they can also inaccurately make patients seem exhausted and/or look older than their real age. Hence, 1 of the best ways to reduce the severity of forehead wrinkles is by investing in a good skincare regimen. A complete skincare program is made of a cleanser to remove dirt and excess oil; toner to remove any remaining impurities and to balance the normal skin pH level; and moisturizer to deeply hydrate skin layers. Patients are greatly encouraged to choose skincare products (e.g. ZO Phase 1, Daily Skincare Program) that are enriched with skin-revitalising components like retinol, vitamins C and E, and salicylic acid to improve the condition of the skin. A good sunscreen (e.g. Restylane Day Cream SPF15) also does wonders for the skin as it helps to shield the skin from damaging UV rays. Patients must be taught the importance of including sunblock in their daily skincare routine even if they are not out in the sun.
Besides following an effective skincare routine, the formation of forehead lines may also be delayed if patients adopt a healthier lifestyle. Harmful habits like smoking and drinking excessive alcohol should be curbed to promote overall wellbeing. Occasionally, patients are encouraged to undergo skin-revitalising procedures like chemical peels (e.g. Filorga Time Peel) and laser treatments that will help to subtly erase fine forehead wrinkles. Patients with severe static forehead lines may need to undergo aesthetic treatments like dermal filler injections. These injectable gels (e.g. Juvederm) help to instantly plump forehead lines, with results lasting for a few months. Patients whose forehead lines appear during muscle movements are better suited to undergo botulinum toxin (e.g. Botox) injections. These potent muscle-relaxing medications will relax the muscles responsible for causing dynamic lines, resulting in a smooth and wrinkle-free forehead.