What are under eye wrinkles?
As the name suggests, under-eye wrinkles refer to the tiny skin creases that appear in the area under the eyes. This tear trough region, which extends outwards and downwards from the inner corner of the eye is exceptionally thin at less than 1mm, is very delicate and prone to developing various premature ageing signs like fine lines, darkness, puffiness, and hollowness. If left untreated, it could result in the inaccurate perception of one’s age and cosmetic problems like the unattractive creasing of makeup under the eyes.
How is dermal filler used to smoothen under eye wrinkles?
Although patients often turn to eye creams to improve the appearance of under-eye wrinkles, these skincare products typically take some time to even deliver results and may not work for everyone. Nowadays, patients can opt for dermal filler injections in the tear trough area, so that the wrinkles can be easily erased. Many soft tissue implants are made of hyaluronic aci ...
What is Botox?
Botox is a muscle relaxing medicine that is formulated by Allergan Pharmaceuticals. This neuromuscular paralytic agent is made of botulinum toxin and excipients (human albumin and sodium chloride) that are extracted from the Hall strain of Clostridium botulinum left to ferment with glucose, casein hydrolysate, and yeast extract. Once isolated and purified, the toxin is vacuum-dried and sterilised to create a white powder that must be reconstituted with sterile, preservative-free saline solution (9mg/mL sodium chloride solution) prior to intramuscular administration. The prepared botulinum toxin solution must be transparent, free from any suspending particles, and with a colourless to slight yellowish hue.
How is Botox used to treat crow’s feet?
Due to its potent muscle relaxing activity, Botox is used in the medical field to relax painfully contracting muscles such as cervical dystonia, hemifacial spasms, and limb spasticity. But, it is most well-known as a p ...
What is lipodystrophy syndrome?
Lipodystrophy—also known as fat redistribution syndrome—is a medical condition that is characterised by varying degree of body fat loss. This medical condition is usually classified based on the severity and locality of body fat loss and whether the disorder is genetics of acquired. The following details the general classification of major lipodystrophy subtypes:
Congenital Generalised Lipodystrophy (CGL): This rare disorder—also known as Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy—is caused by an autosomal recessive inheritance and results in a near total loss of adipose tissues at birth or during infancy. The magnitude of fat loss directly correlates to the severity of metabolic complications such as insulin resistance.
Familial Partial Lipodystrophy (FPL): This condition presents with varying degrees of loss of subcutaneous body fat from the upper and lower limbs as well as the truncal region during puberty o ...