What is a marionette line?
A marionette line—also known as oral commissure line—is the long, vertical facial wrinkle that extends from the corners of the mouth to the chin. Patients with severe cases of this aesthetic imperfection may be presented with deep-set marionette lines that laterally circumscribe the chin, often resembling a marionette doll; hence, the name. Marionette line usually sets in due to ageing. The biological ageing process causes the skin to lose its thickness, elasticity, and volume, often resulting in the downward shifting of the skin and eventual formation of wrinkles in areas of high movement. If left untreated, marionette lines not only make a person look older that the chronological age, they also give an inaccurate perception of one’s emotional cues.
What are the best dermal fillers for marionette lines?
While dynamic lines like forehead lines and crow’s feet that appear on the upper half of the face respond well to botulinum toxin ...
What is Synvisc?
Synvisc is a hylan-based orthopedic implant that is manufactured by Sanofi Genzyme to manage the symptoms associated with osteoarthritis such pain, stiffness, and discomfort. This viscosupplement is meant to be injected intraarticularly into the affected knee joints. Though it is renowned for its desirable effects like joint lubrication and pain reduction, Synvisc can still cause some undesirable, although mild, side effects. Some of the commonly reported undesirable aftereffects of Synvisc procedure are:
Irritation of treated joint;
Pain in treated joint;
Swelling of treated joint;
Heat sensation in treated joint;
Fluid buildup in treated joint.
These inflammatory reactions are usually very mild in nature and should resolve within a few days. As part of the aftercare methods, patients are recommended to apply cold compresses that can help to minimize swelling and pain. They should also avoid participating in physically exerting and high-impact exercise l ...
What is Synvisc?
Synvisc is an animal-based viscosupplement that is designed and manufactured by Sanofi Genzyme, an American biotechnology company. The active ingredient in this orthopedic implant is 8mg/mL of hylan that is harvested from rooster combs—the fleshy crests on top of rooster heads—before being cross-linked using chemical agents. Hylan polymers are derivatives of hyaluronan (sodium hyaluronate) and in this implant, these polymers are chemically reticulated with each other to form a highly viscoelastic gel. Synvisc also contains other ingredients like 8.5mg/mL of sodium chloride, 0.16mg/mL of disodium hydrogen phosphate, 0.04mg/mL of sodium dihydrogen phosphate hydrate and water for injection. This orthopaedic injectable gel is intended to reduce pain and discomfort in the synovial joints caused by osteoarthritis. Once injected, it mimics the actions of the lubricating synovial fluid by reducing friction between the bones and cushioning any sudden impacts to ...