What is Sodium hyaluronate?
Sodium hyaluronate is the salt form of an important glycosaminoglycan called hyaluronic acid (HA) or hyaluronan. Glycosaminoglycans are polysaccharides sugars molecules that are linked by proteins. These water-attracting molecules bind to water to create a viscous substance that fills the space between collagen and elastin fibres in the dermis—providing fullness and radiance to the skin. The amount of hyaluronic acid declines with age. Aside from the skin, it is also found in abundance in various tissues of human and animal species, including the joint fluids, vitreous humor of the eyes, and neural tissues.
Cosmetic and Clinical Applications
Sodium hyaluronate acts as a tissue lubricant; its viscoelastic property provides mechanical protection for tissues and cell layers. It facilitates transport of molecules, such as growth factors and structural proteins to a site of action. HA also plays a role in wound healing and ...
Lip augmentation is quickly becoming a popular cosmetic procedure to alter or enhance the appearance of the lips. Injectable soft tissue fillers containing hyaluronic acid (HA) are the most common method used for lip contouring. Hyaluronic acid is a naturally occurring substance with fewer allergenic aspects. The temporary and reversible effects it provides make it an ideal filler even for first-time recipients. The water-attracting molecules of HA creates a plumping effect, visibly increasing the volume of the lips.
Ageing, genetic factors, cigarette smoking, and photodamage contribute to volume loss in the perioral area. Lip wrinkles, genetically thin lips, and cosmetic asymmetry are some of the issues that can be improved by lip augmentation. This can be done surgically or through a minimally invasive procedure such as dermal filler injectable.
Different types of lip augmentation procedure
Soft-tissue Filler Injectables
Collagen used to be the most popular injec ...
What is glabella?
The glabella is the flat area between the eyebrows and above the nose. It may refer to the skin or the bone underneath. Rhytids that appear in this area are called glabellar lines and range from fine lines to deep furrows, slightly extending up the central forehead. Because these lines occupy a central position in the face, they attract the most attention. Glabellar lines are sometimes called frown lines.
Glabellar lines can easily make a patient appear angry, tired, anxious, or fearful. These rhytids are often deemed socially undesirable because they often wrongly reflect the actual mood of the individual. Contrary to popular belief, glabellar lines are not only prominent on aged skin; people in their mid-20s are also susceptible in developing these lines.
Causes of glabellar lines
These hyperfunctional lines may be dynamic or static. Initially, the lines only appear when frowning, scowling, and squinting or even when someone is intently read ...